Information and communication technologies

Ғалымжан Г.Б.
.
.
The aim of modern higher professional education in the context of the transition to an information society is to prepare a competent specialist. In this regard, the model curricula and plans are regularly updated and improved in Kazakhstan. In 2016 the model curricula and model plans were introduced in all bachelor degree specialties. The discipline «Information and communication technologies» was introduced into the plans for preparing students in all specialties [1].                                                                                                                                                                 The volume of the credits – 3. Assignment of this discipline is training of students owning skills of application of the modern information technologies in the sphere of professional area. As a result of study of this discipline students will be capable: to define the main tendencies in the field of information communication technologies, to know what economic and political factors promoted development of information communication technologies, to use information resources for search and information storage, to know features of different operating systems, to work with electronic spreadsheets, to execute consolidation of data, to build diagrams, to work with databases, to apply methods and means of information protection, to project and create simple web sites, to make processing of vector and bitmap images, to create the multimedia presentations, to use different social platforms for communication, to know architecture, to be able to calculate and evaluate performance measures of supercomputers, to use different forms of e-learning for extension of professional knowledge, to use different cloud services. There are 15 themes according to the thematic workplan of the discipline «Information and communication technologies».                         Each theme includes 1 hour of lecture, 1 hour of laboratory work and 1 hour of independent work supervised the teacher. The presented themes cover a very wide range of issues of ICT technologies; many of them deserve special attention. For example, 8 themes such as «Architecture of computer systems», «Operating systems», «Human-computer interaction», «Database systems», «Networks and telecommunications», «Cybersafety», «Internet technologies», «Multimedia technologies» are presented as specific disciplines in students’ model curricula in the specialties 5В060200-Informatics, 5В070300-Information systems, 5В070500-Mathematical and computer modeling. In particular students who concentrate on the core business of IT technology. These topics are very complicated for example for students of humanities. More time available is needed to in the model curriculum. For example, according to the theme «Database systems» it’s necessary to cover the following questions: Bases of database systems: concept, characteristic, architecture.