Куатова Айнур Зейінқызы
Каспий өңірінің қазіргі заманғы жоғары колледжі
- To give some information about Tea and to enrich knowledge about this drink.
- To develop students speaking, reading and listening skills in the process of studying the theme.
- To teach students to work creatively.
The type of the lesson: party of Tea
Equipment: Pictures, slide, cards of wishes, kinds of tea, sweets, fruits, an apple pie, a honey, and table set.
Participants: Students of I, II course.
Laura: Good afternoon. I am glad to see everybody. Today we all have an unusual and interesting party. It is connected with one of English traditions: English Drinking Tea. I want you feel yourself real Englishmen. And learn more information about this tradition.
Every day we drink tea: when it is cold, we drink hot tea; when guests come, we also drink tea. But what is it? What traditions have we got in our country and in the other countries? Where has tea comes from? Today we’ll know about it.
(Video about tea)
Dear friends! Welcome to our tea party! It’s common knowledge that the English are very fond of tea. They like to have a nice cup of tea from 6 to 8 times a day, sometimes even more. Today we’ll talk about English Tea: its history, its traditions, its ceremonies etc. I know you’ve read stories, some facts about English Tea. Certainly we’ll listen to you very carefully. And I see you have set the table according to the English traditions. It’s very nice. First of all, what do you know about tea? What is tea?
Aitolkyn: Tea is one of the most popular drinks in the world. You make it by pouring hot water over the dried leaves of a tea plant. For centuries people believed that teas could cure illnesses, they used it as medicine. Today scientists know that tea contains chemicals that prevent cells from dying. Most teas have caffeine in them, a substance that makes you feel more active. Some people have problems drinking tea because it can cause sleeplessness.
The tea plant grows best in tropical and temperate places where rain falls throughout the year. Tea can be grown from sea level to about 2,000 metres, but the best quality grows in higher regions.
Tea comes from the leaves and buds of tea plants. Wild plants can be up to 9 metres high but on tea plantations they are cut back to a bush of about a metre in height so that workers can pluck the leaves easily. The plant produces pointed, leathery dark leaves, small white flowers and seeds that look like hazelnuts. It takes a plant three to five years before is ready for plucking.
A plucker can harvest about 20kg of tea a day. On large tea plantations the leaves are harvested by machines, but the quality of tea is higher when the leaves are hand-plucked.
The most common types of tea are black and green tea. They come from the same plant but are processed differently.
Workers take the leaves and spread them out on shelves where they can dry. Next, they are rolled and broken into pieces and put into a room where they absorb oxygen. Chemical reactions change the taste and character of the tea. Finally, the leaves are dried with hot air until they turn brownish-black. Most black tea comes from Sri Lanka, Indonesia and eastern Africa.
To make green tea, workers put the freshly picked leaves into a steamer, which keeps them green. Then they are crushed and dried in ovens. Japan is the biggest producers of green tea.
Tea can be bought in many forms – leaves, powder or tea bags. Some of them are added with flavours, like vanilla, orange or lemon. Although most people drink their tea hot, many enjoy iced tea, especially during the summer months.
Black tea is brewed by pouring water over a teaspoon of tea. The tea should soak for three to five minutes before you drink it. Green tea should be left in water longer. Instead of putting tea leaves into a pot people often put tea bags into a cup.
Laura: I think that all of you like to drink tea but I also think that you know too little about history of tea. Let’s have a very short quiz and see what you know.
Danagul: People first drank tea in China about 5000 years ago. Originally it was used as a medicine, then as a daily drink. It spread to Japan in the 3rd century A.D. Dutch and Portuguese traders brought tea from eastern Asia to Europe in the 1600s.
In 1657 the beverage was sold for the first time in coffee houses in Great Britain. When the English started a tradition of tea drinking in the afternoon it became England’s national drink. In the 17th and 18th centuries tea spread to British colonies overseas.
In 1767 Great Britain placed a tax on tea imported by American colonists. During the Boston Tea Party of 1773 they were so angry that they threw a ship full of British tea into the harbour to protest British rule. Two years later the American Revolutionary War started.
Today about 3.3 million tons of tea are produced. India, with its famous tea growing regions like Darjeeling and Assam, and China produce about half of the world’s tea. It also grows in many other parts of Asia, especially in Sri Lanka and Indonesia. In the course of time growing tea has spread to countries in Eastern Europe, Africa and South America.
Laura: I know, in the 1662 Prince Charles II married the Portuguese princess, Catherine of Braganza, who brought to England the habit of drinking tea. Firstly tea had the success among aristocracy, and then among other English citizens. The popularity of tea was formed slowly but forever. So, some British customs and traditions are famous all over the world: Bowler hats, drinking tea and talking about the weather, for example.
Moldir: Yes, everyone knows that tea is the most popular drink in Britain. It is the British national drink. Millions of people drink it in Great Britain every day. It’s even more popular than coffee, which is favoured throughout Europe and America. Tea-time or five o`clock tea is the afternoon meal of sandwiches, cakes, biscuits, sweets and tea between lunch and dinner. English people like to have tea at home and at work. When at home, they invite their friends to a tea-party just to chat. When children come to see their friends they usually have tea too. After they have tea children have a lot of fun together. They sometimes play games or sing songs.
The Dutch brought the first tea to Europe in 1610. But it was not until 1658 that the first advertisement for tea appeared in a London newspaper. At that time a pound of the cheapest tea cost about one-third of a skilled worker’s weekly wages. Tea was guarded by the lady of the house and kept in special containers, often with a lock and carefully doled out by the teaspoon. By 1750 tea had become the principal drink of all the classes in Britain. Later, tea-drinking developed into a fashionable social ritual. Tea parties were popular at home and soon the ritual of «afternoon tea» was firmly established.